Ohio is home to some 600 different species of spiders, most of them completely harmless. Spiders are very beneficial to the environment as they are excellent pest controllers, consuming the more crop damaging and potentially dangerous insects such as mosquitos, stink bugs, and Multicolored Asian Lady Beetles. Although very rarely found, black widows and brown recluses are the only dangerous types of spiders. While spiders are able to bite humans, it is more rare than fleas, mosquitos and other bugs. Bites usually occur when the spider is in imminent danger and about to be crushed.
There are many different kinds of wolf spiders in all different habitats ranging in size from about a fourth of an inch to one and a half inches. Usually grey or brown in color, although they may differ in color-pattern attributes. They are mostly solitary but are often times seen carrying a brood of baby spiders on their backs. Wolf spiders may be wanderers or may settle down in burrows. These nocturnal spiders are gifted hunters, so much so that they are considered very beneficial and natural pest controllers.
Funnel Weavers or Grass Spiders
Funnel Weavers are similar in appearance to wolf spiders although they are generally smaller and form their webs, as their name suggest, into a funnel. They are extremely quick hunters and as their prey stumble upon the web, they swiftly lunge out and attack. There are many types of funnel weavers, but in North America they range from grey to brown in color, are about a quarter of an inch big and are harmless.
Garden Spiders in Ohio are very common and very recognizable. Found in garden areas, woodlands, and parks, their webs are distinctively spun from the middle creating an orb, or spiral-weave. Many webs will feature a characteristic zigzag through the center. Garden Spiders are harmless, and are in fact beneficial as they consume the insect pests that feed on different plants and ones that fly into the spider’s web.